Salat words

With regards to the words of the Salat, we must remember that the purpose of the Salat is to commemorate and glorify the name of God alone.
God instructs in the Quran to utter our Salat in a moderate voice that is not shouting nor whispering:

Say, "Call upon God, or call upon the Almighty. Whichever you call upon, to Him belong the Beautiful Names." Do not shout your Salat nor whisper it, but seek a path in between. 17:110

In addition, we find guidance in the Quran with respect to the following matters:

First : All the words of the Salat should be from the Quran.

Second : Specific Quranic phrases are to be spoken during the Salat.

______________

First : The words of the Salat should be from the Quran

1- Recite what has been revealed to you of your Lord's Book. None can change His words, and you will not find any refuge besides Him. 18:27

This verse does not specify any one activity, as a result, reciting Quranic words can be done at all times including when we are worshipping God through the Salat.

2- Those who recite God's Book and they observe the Salat ..... 35:29

In this verse we read a direct connection between reciting God's Book and observing the Salat.

3- Recite what is revealed to you of the Book and observe the Salat. 29:45

The words in 29:45 are in the form of a command from God. And thus they provide a clear confirmation of the recitation of the Quran during the Salat.

4- When you commemorate your Lord, in the Quran alone, they turn their backs and run away in aversion. 17:46

The prime purpose of the Salat is to commemorate God, as the following verse states:

I am God, there is no god except Me. Therefore, you shall worship Me and observe the Salat to commemorate Me.
20:14

The word 'zhikr' (commemorating God) is used in 20:14 and 17:46. The words in 17:46 speak of commemorating God in the Quran alone, as the proper way of commemorating God. We commemorate God during the Salat and also during Tasbeeh (glorification). Both acts must be observed by using the Quran alone.

5- They are not all the same: among the People of the Book are an upright nation. They recite God's revelations during the night while they prostrate. 3:113

This verse speaks of the righteous and how they recite the Scripture while prostrating. Prostration, being one of the positions of the Salat, provides another strong link between reciting from God's Book and the Salat.

Second : Which Quranic words are to be recited during the Salat?

It must be mentioned here that except for words in items 2 and 6 (below) which are clearly mentioned in the Quran in connection to the Salat (17:111), the other words (below) are not compulsory nor by any means the only words to use in our Salat. We can say these words and also add to them if we wish other words from the Quran which glorify God.

Reciting the items below during Salat fulfils a number of objectives. Item 1 (the Fatihah) is the only sura in the Quran which comprises a prayer solely addressed to God. Items 3 and 4 are words which glorify God and which we are instructed by God to recite, so including them in the Salat or outside Salat is advisable, while as item 5 comprises the essence of monotheism so it should be a declaration to utter at all times including during the Salat.

The Quran instructs us to seek refuge in God before we read the Quran:

When you read the Quran, seek refuge in God from the outcast devil. 16:98

Since we would be reciting the Quran during the Salat, then it is necessary that before we commence the Salat we should say the words: "A'uzu b'Allah min Al-Shaytan Al-Rajeem". In English the words to be said are: I seek refuge in God from the rejected devil.

We are commanded in 6:162 to devote every word in our Salat to the name of God alone, and thus t
hese words must be said before we start the Salat and not during the Salat.

1- Although there is no specific command to read Sura 1, The Key/Opener in the Salat, since it is the opening of the Book and it comprises a prayer to God in all its words, then it is appropriate to read it as an opening of the Salat.

2- The phrase 'Allahu Akbar' (God is Great) is uttered frequently during Salat in compliance with God's command to magnify Him as in 17:111, 22:37 and 74:3.

3- 'Sobhan Rabi Al-Azeem' (Praise my Lord the Great). Uttering these words is in compliance with: 'Glorify the name of your Lord, the Great' 56:74. These words can be uttered at any time during the Salat, and preferably in all positions.

4- 'Sobhan Rabi Al-Aala' (Praise my Lord the Most High). Uttering these words is in compliance with: 'Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High' 87:1. These words can be uttered at any time during the Salat, and preferably in all positions.

Praising God is encouraged at all times and specifically after prostration:

And during the night glorify Him, and after prostrating. 50:40

The purpose of the Salat is to commemorate and glorify God, it follows that before we choose other Quranic words that glorify God, we should first utter the words that God Himself chose for us to glorify Him with. Those are in items 3 and 4 above.

5- The Shahada (Testimony of Faith) is the first pillar of Islam and is a declaration of our monotheistic faith. The Shahada may be uttered at any stage in the Salat and any number of times:

The words of the Shahada are: "Ash'hadu ana la illaha ila Allah" (I bear witness that there is no god except God).

God bears witness that there is no god except Him, and so do the angels and those who possess knowledge. 3:18

The words in 3:18 tell us that those who possess knowledge utter this Shahada.

6- In 17:111, we read the following words:

Praise be to God who has not taken a son, nor does He have a partner in the sovereignty, nor does He have any ally out of weakness. 17:111

In 17:110 God commands us to use a moderate voice in our Salat, immediately after which God commands us:

and say, "Praise be to God, who has not taken a son…….

The words "and say" at the beginning of verse 111 indicate that the subject is still the Salat (the subject of verse 110). This means that we are to utter these specific words during our Salat.

The words in 17:111 which we are commanded to utter during our Salat are not coincidental but they have a very specific significance:

a- 'Praise be to God who has not taken a son'

These words purify us from the claim of the Christians who gave God a son (19:88).

b- 'nor does He have a partner in the sovereignty'

These words purify us from the Muslims who are committing shirk by making Muhammad a partner with God in everything they say or do (12:106).

c- 'nor does He have an ally out of weakness'

These words purify us from the Jewish scholars who claim that God's hands are tied and thus He is not able to do certain things (5:64).

In effect, by uttering these words, and constantly being aware of the danger and corruption of these creeds, whose members have deviated from the message of the Scriptures, we purify our souls and maintain the purity of our religion. These words must be uttered during our Salat.

To follow these words we should then magnify God frequently (Allah Akbar) ....

7- The "ending" of the Salat

Since the ending of the Salat conducted by almost all Muslims today does not conform to Quranic teachings, this issue is given special analysis. For the full details please see: Ending of the Salat

----------------------

Summary of the Quranic words for Salat:

Before we start the salat we should seek refuge in God:

A'uzu b'Allah min Al-Shaytan Al-Rajeem
(I seek refuge in God from the rejected devil) 16:98.

During our Salat we say the words below plus any other Quranic words which glorify God. We can repeat any of these words any number of times and we can say any of them during any of the three positions. The idea is to be spiritually free while we worship God.

1- Al-Fatiha (The Key)

2- Allahu Akbar (God is Great) to be spoken frequently, 22:37, 17:111 and 74:3.

3- Sobhan Rabi Al-Azeem (Praise my Lord the Great). 56:74

4- Sobhan Rabi Al-Aala (Praise my Lord the Most High). 87:1

5- The Shahada (Testimony): Ash'hadu ana la illaha ila Allah (I bear witness that there is no God except God). 3:18

6- Al-Hamdu l'Allah alazhee lam yattakhizha waladan, wa lam yakun lahu shareekun fee al mulk, wa lam yakun lahu waleyyon min al zhol. (Praise be to God who has not taken a son, nor does He have a partner in the sovereignty, nor does He have any ally out of weakness.) 17:111

7- The Salat ends with the words:

Al-Hamdu l'Allah Rab Al-Alameen (Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds). 10:10

Different believers will have different Quranic words which they favour and which they will utter during their Salat and that is perfectly alright.

This issue is different during congregational prayer where the group of believers will follow the words spoken by the Imam who leads the prayer.

Important: It is important to note that, contrary to what some scholars claim, the Salat can be uttered in any language. There is no restriction anywhere in the Quran to utter the Salat only in Arabic. God is aware that the majority of the human race do not speak Arabic, and that parroting the Salat in a language that the believer does not understand is of no benefit whatsoever. Rather, the Salat words should be understood and felt by the person worshipping God.


Quranic words for Tasbeeh (glorifying God)

1-
The Originator of the heavens and the earth, whenever He decrees any matter, He merely says to it, "Be," and it is. 2:117
----------------------------------------------------
2- God; there is no god except Him, the Living, the Eternal. Never does a moment of unawareness or slumber overtake Him. To Him belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. Who is he who could intercede with Him, except with His permission? He knows what is before them and what is after them, and they do not attain any of His knowledge except as He wills. His Seat encompasses the heavens and the earth, and preserving them never burdens Him. He is the Most High, the Great. 2:255
----------------------------------------------------
3- Nothing is hidden from God, in the earth or in heaven. 3:5
----------------------------------------------------
4- O God, Possessor of sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will, and You take sovereignty from whom You will. You grant dignity to whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your hand are all good things. You are Capable of all things.
You merge the night into the day and You merge the day into the night. You extract the living from the dead and extract the dead from the living, and You provide for whom You please without count. 3:26-27
----------------------------------------------------
5- There is no god but God, and indeed. God is the Dignified, the Wise. 3:62
----------------------------------------------------
6- To God belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and to God all matters are returned. 3:109
----------------------------------------------------
7- To God belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and God is Capable of all things. 3:189
----------------------------------------------------
8- Praise be to God who created the heavens and the earth and ordained the darkness and the light. 6:1
----------------------------------------------------
9- To Him belongs what resides in the night and the day. He is the Hearer, the Knowledgeable.
Shall I take other than God as an ally, the Initiator of the heavens and the earth; the One who feeds and is not fed? I fear, should I disobey my Lord, the punishment of a great Day.
6:13-15
----------------------------------------------------
10- He is the Supreme over His servants. He is the Wise, the All-Aware. 6:18
----------------------------------------------------
11- He is the One who created the heavens and the earth with truth. The day He says, "Be," it is. His word is the truth, and to Him belongs the sovereignty on the Day the horn is blown. He is the Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Wise, the All-Aware. 6:73
----------------------------------------------------
12- I have turned my face towards the One who initiated the heavens and the earth; a monotheist. I am not one of the mushrikeen. 6:79
----------------------------------------------------
13- The Originator of the heavens and the earth: How can He have a son when He did not have a consort? He created all things and He is Knowledgeable of all things. 6:101
----------------------------------------------------
14- The vision perceives Him not while He encompasses all visions. He is the Gentle One, the All-Aware. 6:103
----------------------------------------------------
15- My Salat, my worship practices, my life and my death, are all devoted to God, the Lord of the worlds. He has no partner. 6:162-163
----------------------------------------------------
16- Shall I seek other than God as a lord, when He is the Lord of all things? 6:164
----------------------------------------------------
17- Nothing will befall us except what God has decreed for us. He is our Master. In God the believers should trust. 9:51
----------------------------------------------------
18- God knows what every female carries, as well as what the wombs miscarry and what they gain. Everything with Him is by due measure.
He is the Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Great, the Exalted. 13:8-9
----------------------------------------------------
19- To God prostrates all who are in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows, in the mornings and the evenings. 13:15
----------------------------------------------------
20- He is my Lord. There is no god except Him. In Him I put my trust, and it is Him whom I turn to. 13:30
----------------------------------------------------
21- Praise be to God who brought the Book down unto His servant and placed no crookedness in it. 18:1
----------------------------------------------------
22- To Him belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and what is in between them, and what is beneath the soil. 20:6
----------------------------------------------------
23- God, there is no god except Him. To Him belong the Beautiful Names. 20:8
----------------------------------------------------
24- To Him belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and indeed, God is the Rich One, the Praiseworthy. 22:64
----------------------------------------------------
25- They did not value God according to His true worth. God is Powerful, Dignified. 22:74
----------------------------------------------------
26- He knows what is before them and what is after them, and to God all matters are returned. 22:76
----------------------------------------------------
27- The Knower of the unseen and the seen. Exalted is He, far above whatever they associate with Him. 23:92
----------------------------------------------------
28- Exalted is God, the true King. There is no other god except Him, the Lord of the Noble Throne. 23:116
----------------------------------------------------
29- God is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His Light is that of a niche in which is a lamp. The lamp is inside a glass. The glass is like a brilliant planet that is lit from a blessed olive tree that is neither eastern nor western. Its oil almost lights up even though no fire has touched it. Light upon light. God guides to His Light whom He wills. 24:35
----------------------------------------------------
30- To God belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and to God is the ultimate destination. 24:42
----------------------------------------------------
31- Blessed is the One who brought down the Criterion upon His servant so that it would be a warner to all the people
He to whom belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He has not taken a son, nor does He have a partner in the sovereignty. He created everything and determined it with precise determination. 25:1-2
-
---------------------------------------------------
32- Blessed is the One who placed constellations in the sky and placed in it a lamp and an illuminating moon. 25:61
----------------------------------------------------
33- Who is the One who rendered the earth a resting place, and made rivers run through it, and made for it stabilisers, and placed a barrier between the two seas? Is there a god with God? Rather, most of them do not know.
Who is the One who responds to the distressed when he calls upon Him, removes the adversity, and makes you successors on earth? Is there a god with God? Rarely do you remember!
Who is the One who guides you in the darkness of the land and the sea and who sends the winds bearing advance news of His mercy? Is there a god with God? Exalted is God, far above whatever they associate with Him.
Who is the One who initiates the creation, then repeats it, and who provides for you from the heaven and the earth? Is there a god with God? Say, "Produce your proof if you are truthful."
Say, "No one in the heavens and the earth knows the unseen except God, and they are unaware as to when they will be resurrected." 27:61-65
----------------------------------------------------
34- He is God; there is no god except Him. To Him belongs the praise in the First and in the Hereafter, and judgment belongs to Him. 28:70
----------------------------------------------------
35- To Him belongs all who are in the heavens and the earth; all are obedient to Him. He is the One who initiates the creation, then repeats it, which is even easier for Him. He sets the highest example in the heavens and the earth. He is the Dignified, the Wise. 30:26-27
----------------------------------------------------
36- To God belongs what is in the heavens and the earth. God is the Rich, the Praiseworthy. If all the trees in the earth were made into pens that were supplied by the sea, replenished by seven more seas, the Words of God would not run out. God is Dignified, Wise. 31:26-27
----------------------------------------------------
37- With God is the knowledge of the Hour. He brings down the rain and He knows what is in the wombs. No self knows what it will earn tomorrow and no self knows in which land it will die. God is Knowledgeable, All-Aware. 31:34
----------------------------------------------------
38- Praise be to God, to whom belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and praise be to Him in the Hereafter. He is the Wise, the All-Aware.
He knows what goes into the earth and what comes out of it, and what descends from the sky and what ascends to it. He is the Merciful, the Forgiver. 34:1-2
----------------------------------------------------
39- Whatever mercy God unleashes to the people cannot be withheld by anyone, and whatever He withholds cannot be dispatched thereafter. He is the Dignified, the Wise. 35:2
----------------------------------------------------
40- Indeed, God is the One who holds together the heavens and the earth, lest they cease to exist. They would have surely ceased to exist if it were other than Him who held them together. He is Forbearing, Forgiving. 35:41
--------------------------------------------------
41- I have been commanded to worship God, devoting the religion purely to Him. 39:11
----------------------------------------------------
42- God is the One I worship, devoting my religion purely to Him. 39:14
----------------------------------------------------
43- O God, Initiator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen, You will surely judge between Your servants regarding that in which they used to differ. 39:46
----------------------------------------------------
44- He knows that which betrays the eyes, and what the chests conceal. 40:19
----------------------------------------------------
45- He is the One who brings to life and puts to death. If He decrees a matter, He merely says to it, "Be," and it is. 40:68
----------------------------------------------------
46- To God belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He creates whatever He wills. He grants females to whom He wills, and He grants the males to whom He wills.
Or He grants them twins, males and females, and He makes whom He wills barren. He is Knowledgeable, Capable. 42:49-50
----------------------------------------------------
47- Praise be to God, the Lord of the heavens and Lord of the earth; Lord of the worlds. All greatness belongs to Him in the heavens and the earth. He is the Dignified, the Wise. 45:36-37
----------------------------------------------------
48- The Almighty taught the Quran. He created the human being. He taught him the art of expression. The sun and the moon, running with utmost precision, and the stars and the trees prostrate. And the heaven, He raised it and set the balance. 55:1-7
----------------------------------------------------
49- Glorifying God is what is in the heavens and the earth. He is the Dignified, the Wise.
To Him belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He brings to life and puts to death, and He is Capable of all things.
He is the First and the Last, the External and the Internal, and He is Knowledgeable of all things.
He is the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then settled on the Throne. He knows what goes into the earth and what comes out of it, and what comes down from the sky and what ascends unto it. He is with you wherever you may be. God is Seer of what you do.
To Him belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and to God all matters are returned.
He merges the night into the day and merges the day into the night, and He is Knowledgeable of what the chests hold. 57:1-6
----------------------------------------------------
50- He is God; the One besides whom there is no other god. He is the Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Almighty, the Merciful.
He is God; the One besides whom there is no other god. The King, the Holy, the Peace, the Believer, the All-Encompassing, the Dignified, the Powerful, the Proud. Glory to God, far above whatever they associate with Him.
He is God; the Creator, the Maker, the Designer. To Him belong the Beautiful Names. Glorifying Him is what is in the heavens and the earth. He is the Dignified, the Wise. 59:22-24
----------------------------------------------------
51- Glorifying God is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. To Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him belongs the praise, and He is Capable of all things. 64:1
----------------------------------------------------
52- Blessed is the One in whose hand is the sovereignty. He is Capable of all things. 67:1
----------------------------------------------------
53- He is God, the One. God, the Absolute. He begets not, nor was He begotten. And none is akin to Him. 112:1-4


Quranic words for supplication and imploring God

1-
Our Lord, accept this from us. You are the Hearer, the Knowledgeable. 2:127
----------------------------------------------------
2- Our Lord, grant us something good in this world, and something good in the Hereafter, and guard us against the torment of the Fire. 2:201
----------------------------------------------------
3- Our Lord, pour upon us patience, secure our foothold and support us over the disbelieving people. 2:250
----------------------------------------------------
4- Forgive us, our Lord. To You is the ultimate destination. 2:285
----------------------------------------------------
5 Our Lord, do not hold us accountable if we forget or make mistakes. Our Lord, do not place on us a heavy burden as that which You placed on those before us. Our Lord do not place on us what we cannot bear, and pardon us, and forgive us, and have mercy on us. You are our Master, so support us against the disbelieving people. 2:286
----------------------------------------------------
6- Our Lord, do not deviate our hearts after You have guided us, and grant us a mercy from You. You are the Grantor. Our Lord, You will gather the people on a Day about which there is no doubt. God never breaks a promise. 3:8-9
----------------------------------------------------
7 Our Lord, we have believed, so forgive us our sins, and guard us against the torment of the Fire. 3:16
----------------------------------------------------
8- Our Lord, forgive us our sins and our excessiveness in our affairs, and secure our foothold, and support us against the disbelieving people. 3:147
----------------------------------------------------
9- Our Lord, You did not create this in vain, glory to You, so guard us against the punishment of the Fire. Our Lord, whomever You admit into the Fire You have disgraced, and the transgressors will have no supporters. 3:191-192
----------------------------------------------------
10- Our Lord, we have heard a caller inviting to faith: 'Believe in your Lord,' so we believed. Our Lord, forgive us our sins, wipe out our bad deeds and end our lives among the pious. Our Lord, and grant us what You promised us through Your messengers, and do not disgrace us on the Day of Resurrection; You never break a promise. 3:193-194
----------------------------------------------------
11- Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we will surely be among the losers. 7:23
----------------------------------------------------
12- Our Lord encompasses all things in knowledge. In God we trust. Our Lord, decide between us and our people with truth. You are the best of deciders. 7:89
----------------------------------------------------
13- Our Lord, pour upon us patience and take us back as Submitters. 7:126
----------------------------------------------------
14- You are our Ally, so forgive us and have mercy on us. You are the best of forgivers. 7:155
----------------------------------------------------
15- In God we trust. Our Lord, do not make of us a means for testing the transgressing people, and save us, by Your mercy, from the disbelieving people. 10:85-86
----------------------------------------------------
16- You are my Ally in this world and in the Hereafter. Take me back as a Submitter and join me to the righteous ones. 12:101
----------------------------------------------------
17- Our Lord, You know what we conceal and what we declare. Nothing is hidden from God in the earth, nor in the heaven. 14:38
----------------------------------------------------
18- My Lord, admit me an entrance of truth and let me depart an exit of truth, and grant me from You a supporting authority. 17:80
----------------------------------------------------
19- Our Lord, grant us a mercy from Yourself and provide for us correctness in our affairs. 18:10
----------------------------------------------------
20- My Lord, increase me in knowledge. 20:114
----------------------------------------------------
21- There is no god except You. Glory to You! Indeed, I have been one of the transgressors. 21:87
----------------------------------------------------
22- My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils, and I seek refuge in You my Lord, lest they turn up. 23:97-98
----------------------------------------------------
23- My Lord, forgive and have mercy. You are the best of the merciful. 23:118
----------------------------------------------------
24- Our Lord, avert from us the punishment of Hell. Indeed, its punishment is unrelenting. It is the worst place of settlement and position. 25:65-66
----------------------------------------------------
25- Our Lord, grant us in our spouses and offspring a source of joy, and make us a leading example for the reverent. 25:74
----------------------------------------------------
26- My Lord, grant me sound judgement and include me with the righteous. And grant me an honourable mention among those who are to follow. And make me among the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss. 26:83-85
----------------------------------------------------
27- And do not disgrace me on the Day they are resurrected; the Day when neither money nor children can be of any benefit, but the only benefit will be for those who come to God with a pure heart. 26:87-89
----------------------------------------------------
28- My Lord, enable me to always be thankful for the blessings You have bestowed upon me and my parents, and to do good deeds that You approve of, and admit me by Your mercy among Your righteous servants. 27:19
----------------------------------------------------
29- Our Lord, remove the punishment from us; we are believers. 44:12
----------------------------------------------------
30- My Lord, enable me to give thanks for Your blessings which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and to do good deeds that You approve of, and grant me a righteous offspring. I have repented to you, and I am one of the Submitters. 46:15
----------------------------------------------------
31- Our Lord, in You we trust. To You we turn, and to You is the ultimate destination. Our Lord, do not make of us a means for testing those who disbelieved, and forgive us. Our Lord, You are the Dignified, the Wise. 60:4-5
----------------------------------------------------
32- I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak, from the evil of that which He created, and from the evil of darkness when it settles in, and from the evil of the women blowing on knots, and from the evil of the envious one when he envies. 113:1-5
----------------------------------------------------
33- I seek refuge in the Lord of the people, the King of the people, the God of the people, from the evil of the sneaky whisperer, who whispers into the chests of the people, be he of the jinn or the people. 114:1-6
----------------------------------------------------