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Wherever you may be, death will eventually catch up
with you, even if you are in fortified towers.

4:78

When the appointed time for a human's death arrives, not all one's wealth, health or possessions could delay his/her death. People have been known to die out of sickness or accidents, yet others die with no apparent medical reason while enjoying perfect health and often at quite a young age. What this indicates is that death is not necessarily a direct result of ageing nor of the disintegration of bodily tissues or organs. The process of ageing is given a philosophical explanation in the Quran, it is not an essential pre-requisite to death. The following Quranic words give us valuable philosophical insight into the process of ageing:

O people, if you are in doubt about the resurrection, We created you from dust, then from a tiny drop, then from an aalaqah, then from a mudghah, formed and unformed, and so We may clarify things for you. We settle in the wombs what We will for a specified term, then We bring you out as infants after which you reach your maturity. Among you is one who is taken back while another among you will be relegated to the least dignified age, whereupon he will know nothing after having had knowledge. 22:5

With these words God gives us insight into how the human life cycle is structured with a deliberate intention of teaching us how we were once nothing and also how some reach a similar state at the end of their life cycle. Those who live to old age shed all the mental sharpness and memory which they once had in their maturity. Consequently, after being with much knowledge in their maturity they are rendered with little knowledge and memory at senility. Undoubtedly in this divine plan lies great lessons for those who contemplate.