Taking up allies (awliyah) and calling on dead people

Question:

It is wide spread in my community to find Muslims calling on deceased ones such as awliyah, and the prophet and his family for help for a better life, good health, money problems and other matters. What does Allah say in the Quran about this practice, is it permissible?

Reply
:

This practice is indeed prevalent in many Muslim communities. The act of calling on any other than God is in clear violation of the Holy Quran on more than one count:

FIRST:
Calling on others besides God is categorically forbidden by God:

Do not call upon other than God what does not benefit you nor harm you. If you do, you will be among the transgressors. 10:106

Those whom you call upon besides God are servants just like you. So go ahead and call upon them, and let them respond to you if you are truthful.
7:194

And those whom you call upon besides Him are unable to support you, nor can they support themselves."
7:197

SECOND:
Those who call on others besides God are either ignorant of the Quran, or they just do not wish to believe it!
The Quran confirms that whoever people call on, be they dead saints, prophets or others, cannot hear them, and on the Day of Judgement they will disown their shirk:

Those whom you call
upon besides Him do not possess as much as a seed's shell. If you call upon them, they cannot hear your calls. But even if they were to hear, they would not respond to you, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your shirk. None can inform you like One who is All-Aware. 35:13-14

THIRD:
It is emphasised in the Quran that there is no ally for the human being except God. In addition, those who take up allies (awliyah) other than God thinking they can help them in any way are in fact (unknown to themselves) guilty of worshipping such idols:

Or have they taken up allies besides Him? Verily, God is the Ally, and He brings the dead to life, and He is Capable of all things.
42:9

Say, "Shall I take other than God as an ally, the Initiator of the heavens and the earth; the One who feeds and is not fed?" 6:14

Unquestionably
, it is to God that the pure religion is due. Those who set up allies besides Him: "We only worship them so that they may bring us closer to God." God will judge between them regarding that over which they differ. God does not guide the one who is a liar, a disbeliever. 39:3