The word Scripture means the written revelation that is received from God. The Scripture contains the law of God for which the human being is commanded to abide by.
The Quran stresses the fact that the Law of God is unchanging (33:62, 35:43, 48:23) and that the only religion decreed by God is Islam (Submission to God) (see 3:19, 42:13). Essentially, if there is only one religion decreed by God there must be One "truth". Do we conclude that there should be one Revelation? The answer to this question is that "truth" and "revelation" are not absolutely equivalent terms. Because "truth" is an absolute term it is situated independent of form, whereas revelations are relative to time, people and place, and thus require a form. But to speak of form is to speak of diversity and thus plurality.
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The Quran speaks of numerous Scripture across time. The Scripture is always revealed to the prophets of God.
"The people used to be one community when God sent the prophets as bearers of good news, as well as warners. He sent down with them the scripture, bearing the truth, to judge among the people in their disputes." 2:213
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The Quran lists 20 prophets, with 2 of them (Moses and Aaron) receiving the same Scripture. Therefore, the total number of Scripture sent to mankind is 19, with the Quran being the 19th and last Scripture.
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The Quran gives names to a number of Scripture, they are:
1- Sohof Ibrahim (The pages/books of Abraham) 87:19.
2- Al-Furqaan (the Statute Book/Criterion), given to Moses and Aaron 21:48.
3- Al-Tawrah (The Torah) given to the prophets of Israel 5:44 (P.S. The Scripture given to Moses was one of the books which are collectively called the Torah).
3- Al-Zaboor (Psalms) given to David 21:105, 4:163.
4- Al-Injeel (The Gospels) given to Jesus 5:46.
5- The Quran given to Muhammad.
All Scripture except the Quran have been badly corrupted and others lost. However, God promises that the Quran shall be preserved (see 15:9). The preservation of the Quran is guaranteed through an intricate mathematical structure and the code of 19 whereby the slightest alteration or corruption would be immediately detected.
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