19 and the Quranic Message
By: A. Muhammad
The Glorious Quran, the word of God revealed to Prophet Muhammad, contains a universal message to all mankind. The message can be summarised in the following words:
Worship God, never associate anyone or anything with Him, dedicate all the religion to Him alone and lead a righteous life.
A number of key sentences are found all over the Quran, each of which contributes to the overall message of the book. Each one of these key sentences, which are complete in meaning, contain an independent message of its own. When these key sentences are arranged in a specific order, they will produce a full and comprehensive synopsis of the message of the Quran.
These significant key sentences can be grouped under one of the following topics:
1- God: Creator and Sustainer of the universe.
2- Messenger: Sent by God - the link between God and man.
3- Quran: The Messenger delivered the Quran – A beacon for the righteous.
4- Islam: The Quran teaches True Islam – The religion decreed and perfected by God.
5- Hereafter: Following True Islam is the means for redemption in the Hereafter.
It must be noted that the key sentences listed below, which collectively give a complete and fully integrated picture of the Quranic message, are not necessarily complete verses. The majority of them are parts of verses, nevertheless, every key sentence conveys a complete message and every sentence can exist on its own and independently of the rest of the verse in which it is placed.
You shall know that there is no god besides God. 47:19
This is not a complete Quranic verse, but is a complete message. This sentence, as do all the others, provides an integral component of the overall Quranic message.
God has selected the religion for you. 2:132
Once again, this sentence is not a complete Quranic verse, but does provide a complete message and is an integral component of the overall Quranic message.
Second: The Presentation
The First and The Last, Creator and Sustainer of the Universe
2- The Messenger
Sent by God - The link between God and Man
3- The Quran
Delivered by the Messenger - A Beacon for the righteous
True Islam authorised perfected by God in the Quran
5- The Hereafter
Following True Islam is the means for redemption in the Hereafter
Now we have read all the above sentences, which together present us with the complete Quranic message, we must ask: what do all these sentences have in common? Is there any special design in them that makes them a true sign from God? Indeed there is!
Every one of the above sentences consists of
19 Arabic Letters
What we are seeing here is that the number 19, which was chosen by God to be the code of the Quran, is actually speaking to us and spelling out the Full Quranic Message in clear words!
All the above 19 lettered sentences contain full and complete meanings and messages. All the above sentences are found in the Quran. What we see above is the exact words, the exact order and the exact spelling.
Third: The Analysis
1- The above 19 lettered sentences cover the overall Quranic message, but do not cover every little detail in the book. This is because the Quran is not formed of a sequence of 19 lettered sentences placed side by side. However, the command to obey God and the messenger does indeed cover all the detailed smaller commands. Indeed we find this command to obey God and the messenger given in 19 letters:
Say, "Obey God and the messenger." 3:32
By obeying God and the messenger, we are in fact obeying all the detailed rules and laws laid down by God in the Quran.
2- It must also be noted that the above sentences are not the only 19 lettered sentences to be found in the Quran. There are other 19 lettered sentences in the Quran that were not added to the list. This is because of one of the following reasons:
a- They are a repetition, either in words or in meaning, of sentences which are already on the list.
b- They contain narrative information which, although of meditation value, are not of integral relevance to the principle message in the way the listed sentences are.
Moses came to you with clear proofs. 2:92
I favoured you over all people. 2:47
c- We also find many Quranic sentences that are formed of 19 letters but they could not be quoted in isolation from the rest of the verse they are part of. If they are quoted in isolation they would portray a false meaning and since every one of the above sentences presents an independent and complete message, it would be inappropriate to include this category of sentences in the list. One such example is:
God forgives all sins. 39:53
If this sentence is quoted in isolation it would indeed violate the content of 4:48 which states categorically that God does not forgive 'shirk' (ascribing partners with God).
However, when this sentence is read together with the rest of the verse it came from (39:53), we would see no violation with 4:48.
The opening words in 39:53 indicate that God is speaking about "Ibadi". The word "ibadi" comes from the route word 'abada' which means to worship. Hence the word "ibadi" means: those who worship Me.
By reading the full verse, it becomes clear that God forgives all sins, but only of those who worship Him (ibadi) and not the sins of the disbelievers nor the idol worshippers. The sins of those will not be forgiven. In essence, the 19 lettered sentence in 39:53 cannot be quoted in isolation of the rest of its verse. Thus, it cannot be added to the list.
3- As mentioned earlier, the 19 lettered sentence which commands believers to obey God and the messenger (3:32) does cover all individual commands from God. All these commands are also covered by 19 lettered sentences which command reverence to God (31:33) and the verses which command the worship of God alone (36:61).
The Quran places special emphasis on the prohibition of ascribing partners to God or associating anything or anyone with Him (shirk). It also emphasises the importance of observing the Salat and paying the Zakat and sure enough, we find a multitude of sentences, all consisting of 19 letters, which address these aspects of our religion, such as the 19 lettered phrases found in 6:92, 22:31, 23:4 and 30:31.
Other 19 lettered sentences are found in the Quran which speak about other rituals, but have not been added to the list because as mentioned they are covered under the sentence containing the command to obey God.
One example is the 19 lettered sentence which speaks of Hajj and Umrah:
You shall complete the Hajj and the Umrah for God. 2:196
4- Some may rightly wonder why some letters have been dropped at the beginning of some of original Quranic sentences? An example is the sentence in 55:18 (the last sentence on the 'God' list). The full Arabic verse has the letter (F) at the beginning of the first word which is 'b'ay'.
Such letters as (B), (F), (W), even though are single letters found at the beginning of various Arabic words, they are in fact separate words. This becomes clear when we translate the sentence into English. The letter (B) translates to (with), and (F) aat the beginning of a word means (then/so) and the letter (W) translates to (and/also). We must always be focused on the fact that we are looking for Quranic sentences which are complete in meaning, we are not looking for complete verses, and by dropping many of these letters we are not simply dropping letters from existing words, we are dropping whole words which do not add to, nor subtract from, the principal meaning.
The obvious question is: if they do not add or subtract to the meaning then why are they in the Arabic text?
These Arabic letters (words) contribute to the meaning only when the preceding verses are read. But when we are reading any of our 19 lettered sentences on their own, these words will not alter or change the meaning. Thus it is perfectly acceptible to keep them or omit them and still have a perfectly complete meaning.
In our example of 55:18, using the sentence without the letter (F), which means (so), we get a sentence with a complete meaning which is: "which of your Lord's marvels do you deny?"
When we read the verses before 55:18 we realise that God is giving us examples of many of His signs and marvels, this is then followed by "so which of your Lord's marvels do you deny?" The letter (F) which means (so) can only be relevant when we read the preceding verses then reading 55:18. But if we are reading our 19 lettered sentence (from 55:18) on its own (as in our list above), without the benefit of the preceding verses, we are able to quote the sentence without the letter (F) and have a perfect and complete rational meaning.
Fourth: The Challenge
The challenge is presented here to any reader who doubts that this is indeed a deliberate design from God. Some may say that this is all coincidental! In reply, it may be indeed coincidental if we were dealing with a handful of sentences consisting of 19 letters (or any other number), but when we have such a vast number of sentences that cover the overall Quranic message, this can hardly be coincidental.
Still, to verify this conclusively, the challenge is to simply come up with an alternative full set of Quranic sentences, all containing the same number of letters but with any number other than 19. The set of sentences must present a complete and comprehensive summary of the message of the Quran.
Without doubt, it is possible to find various collections of Quranic sentences, each made of the same chosen number of letters (other than 19), which will cover some Quranic topics, but it is impossible to compile a complete set of sentences that covers the full Quranic message by using a number other than 19..
The reader is invited to try to work out another set for himself.
Why is it impossible?
For a start, many of these very significant 19 lettered Quranic sentences, without which the Quranic message would be incomplete, appear in the Quran only once. As a result and before we even start, we will not find these messages in any other Quranic verse, let alone in any other number of letters.
I possess no power to harm you, nor to guide you. 72:21
These words, which God commanded the messenger to say to his followers, are of the utmost importance to ascertain that any messenger is no more than a deliverer of God's message and that he possesses no power to personally guide or harm the people. This message is crucial to warn people against idolising their messengers.
The message in 72:21 is found in the Quran only once, and it consists of 19 letters. Another set of sentences, employing a number other than 19, will not find a duplicate for this crucial sentence, thus will not represent the overall Quranic message.
An Arabic Quran without any crookedness. 39:28
Once again, this is a very important message which is deliberately given by God to expose all who claim that the Quran is very difficult to understand. God confirms in this message that the Quran is straightforward and contains no puzzles. Once again this message is found in the Quran only once and it consists of 19 letters.
Remember God frequently. 33:41
The Arabic words "Dhikran Katheeran" (frequent commemoration), in connection with remembering God, are found in the Quran only once and are once again given in a 19 lettered sentence. This Quranic message is of the utmost importance and without which the overall Quranic message would be incomplete. The command to remember God frequently is a message addressed to all people, and is of particular relevance in warning those who are intent on glorifying their messengers day and night, when they should be glorifying God alone frequently.
The human being will benefit from nothing other than his own work. 53:39
Once again this 19 lettered sentence is found in the Quran only once and it exposes the false claims of those who say that it is possible to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) or to pay Zakat (charity) on behalf of their dead loved ones!
The above Quranic words (19 letters) confirm that God does not accept religious practices through deputising!
God replaces their bad deeds with good deeds. 25:70
This glorious verse, which speaks of the believers who repent and lead a righteous life, speaks of God's infinite mercy and of how God substitutes their sins with credits. Once again, this sentence is found in the Quran only once, it consists of 19 letters and contributes significantly to the overall Quranic message.
The fact that many principle Quranic messages appear in the Quran only once, all in 19 lettered sentences, makes it impossible to find another set of sentences employing a number other than 19 yet still encompass the overall Quranic message.
This sign, as with all other signs from God, is meant only for the pure in heart. The sad truth is that the doubters will not believe in God’s signs no matter how many are given to them. As expected, there will be some people who will disregard this astoundingly elegant design and find all kinds of reasons to belittle it. Some may say, "but where is the 19 lettered sentence which speaks of inheritance or divorce or this or that?" In principle, this is not any different from the ones who, when presented with the miracle of 19 in the Quran, would say: "but not every sura (chapter) has initial letters at its beginning!" or "we do not see the names of all the Prophets appearing in the Quran in multiples of 19!", or in other words: "so what!".
Are these words any different from a person dismissing the awesome miracle God performed when parting the Red Sea by saying "but why was the Mediterranean Sea not parted as well?"
Besides, the profound role of the code 19 in confirming the divine origin of the Quran, (see: Miracle of the Quran ), what we are seeing here is a totally new role for the code 19. Here the code 19 is used by God to spell out the complete Quranic message, and thus confirming once again that the book is structured on the number 19.
Additionally, the fact that these 19 lettered Quranic sentences were extracted from all different parts of the Quran goes a long way in confirming that the Quranic message represented by these sentences has been intact across the ages. Had the Quran been subject to corruption in the matter in which previous Scriptures were, we would not have found the Quranic message so comprehensively represented in sentences which are all strictly made up of 19 letters.
Praise God, The One and Only God.
Copyright June 2010 : www.quran-islam.org