Polygamy in the Quran

What does the Quran say about polygamy? Can a man be married to more than one woman at the same time and whenever he pleases?
As will be demonstrated in this article, the Quran sets two clear conditions that must be met before polygamy may be allowed. However, traditional scholars speak only of one condition while totally disregarding the second Quranic condition for polygamy.
The Quran law for polygamy is found in 4:3. If we start by reading 4:2 first, we note that God is addressing men who are either supporting orphans or acting as guardians to the orphans.

And if you fear that you may not be just to the orphans, then you may marry whom you please of the women, two, three, or four. But if you fear being unfair, then only one, or what your right hand possesses, for that will make it less likely that you act unfairly.
4:3

1- The word "if" at the beginning of the verse is a conditional word.
2- Therefore, the words "you fear that you may not be just to the orphans", which come after the word "if", are a condition that must be met.
3- If the condition in those words is met, then the words "you may marry whom you please of the women, two, three, or four" that come after the word "then" would then be permissible to happen.
The two words that follow the word "if" present a condition that must be met.
The words that follow the word "then" present an allowance that is granted once the condition is met.

We derive from the above Quranic words the following:
1- If a man is not supporting orphans and fearing that he may be unjust to them, he would not be entitled to have more than one wife.
2- The above words also tell us that the reason for which God allowed polygamy is none other than the welfare and best interest of the orphans.

The purpose behind the concession of polygamy is therefore strictly connected to men who are supporting orphans and feeling that they may not be doing them justice. Therefore, taking up a second wife would help in the raising of the orphans, and would also provide the orphans with a mother figure who would offer them the love and care they need. If a man is supporting a larger number of orphans, he may take a third and fourth wife as the need may require.

Sadly, various scholars and Imams have distorted God's wisdom behind this concession, which is the best interest of the orhpans, and instead went on to claim that God allowed men more than one wife in order to satisfy men's high sexual appetite!
The same scholars and Imams have totally ignored the condition of suporting orphans and stated that the only condition required for polygamy is that the man is able to be fair to his wives and not discriminate between them! The ability not to discriminate between the wives is indeed a condition set by God for polygamy. This is stated in the words:

If
you fear being unfair, then only one.

While as the ability to be fair is indeed a condition for polygamy, yet it is misleading to regard it as the only condition required by God for polygamy.
Just as we see the words "if" and
"then" in the above sentence, we also see the same two words in the fist part of the verse:

And if you fear that you may not be just to the orphans, then you may marry whom you please of the women, two, three, or four.

To claim that the two words
"if" and "then" are conditional in one sentence and not the other is nothing other then intentional deception.